Periodontal Treatment (Gum Disease)
Periodontics is the treatment of periodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease.
Gum disease affects the gums, bone and ligaments that support your teeth. These structures are the foundations which enable you to keep your teeth for life, but they can be damaged by bacterial infection.
If this is if left untreated it can progress into a more serious condition, called periodontitis. In cases of periodontitis, the deeper structures of the tooth supporting apparatus, including the jaw bone and the connecting ligaments, will be destroyed. Without treatment the supporting structures will have receded to such an extent that the teeth may be lost. In fact, periodontitis is the main reason of tooth loss in adults over the age of 45 in the U.K. according to the last Adult Health Dental Survey (1998).
The main cause of this destructive process is bacteria, which form around the neck of the teeth in a sticky mass, called plaque or biofilm. Biofilm is an organized matrix for the bacteria to live in and multiply. Although bacteria are the main cause of periodontitis, gum disease is a multi-factorial disease. Other etiologic factors include smoking, genetics, hormonal changes (pregnancy), stress, certain medications and medical conditions such as diabetes and heart disease.
Treatment of periodontal disease starts with an experienced dentist examining the gum tissue and diagnosing the correct type and stage of the underlying gum disease. The aim of periodontal treatment is to stop disease progression and keep the natural teeth. More severe cases need specialist treatment with a periodontist.
At Redcliffe Dental Practice our periodontist, Dr. Stephan Eidam, has over 10 years of experience in treating patients with various forms of periodontal disease. Stephan can provide you with all aspects of periodontal treatment and help you keep your natural dentition.